This is Your Time Rwanda - Book on Rwandan Feminism and Resourcefulness

Wednesday, June 4, 2008

American Slavery - Continuing History

Although outlawed in nearly all countries today, slavery is still secretly practiced, in a kind of shamefaced subterranean way, in many parts of the world. It has been opposed for as long as it has existed, as it deprives enslaved people of basic human, civil and legal rights, and oppresses entire huge groups over time. The Bible mentions it frequently like it’s something good, which it is not. However, I believe economic conditions have largely been what fostered, promoted and spread it around.

The attempt to “get ahead” by using easy to disregard “enemy peoples” and also women and children is a mainstay of the slavery process. But anyone, even white men, can be and have been victims of slavery. There are now an estimated 27 million such victims around the world, even though in most cases it is illegal and considered to be a major human rights abuse. WWII saw a resurgence of slavery in communist and socialist countries; for example, the Nazis used millions of Jewish people and others as slave labor before killing them.

In Mauritania and Niger, both African countries, some million and a half people are enslaved, nearly 8% of Niger’s population and 20% of Mauritania’s. It’s sad that in Africa, after all the hard battles fought against American slavery, this obscene process is as yet ongoing. It is said Mauritanian slaves are now considered to be “bonded labor,” but in 2007, a new law was passed abolishing slavery. Their human rights situation seems to be improving, along with their relations to America.

Africa is indeed one of the areas responsible for beginning this age-old practice, as it has been maintained in ancient Egypt, which used slaves to build their pyramids. The story of Moses tells how he freed the Jewish people from their bondage in Egyptian slavery, a tale which was often cited by Dr. King, with him leading people “to the Promised Land.” But slavery in the West actually began more or less in ancient Greece, where slave labor built the white temples our government buildings are modeled after. Pre-dynastic China in the East used the Mongols, their invading enemy, to build the Great Wall of China over many generations.

No one continent, nation or people seems to have begun slavery, which is about as old as human history. But some scholars have stated that without slavery, modern civilization wouldn’t have been achieved, or at least not as quickly; it was mostly involved with the trading of goods.

Anyway, Africa is where the history of slavery in America began. Soon after the English colonists settled Virginia, slave boats began travelling back and forth between America, England and the west coast of Africa, which included countries such as French-settled Niger and Nigeria. Over time, slave gathering men moved further inland, but they pretty much had an easy time capturing black people, who didn’t have anything like guns or sophisticated weaponry in those times.

For four centuries, slave traders practically decimated Africa’s west coast of its native population. They transported people packed into the cargo holds of their ships, which were run by many races of people as diverse as the Portuguese, the Spanish, the French and of course the English. Even Moslems from the north of Africa were involved in selling slaves abroad, sometimes indoctrinating Africans into Islam before selling or trading them. There were occasions where black captives took over the slave ships and voyaged back to Africa, but on the whole, they were hauled over in masses, many dying due to hideous conditions along the way.

There was a lot of trading slaves for rum and other “drug” products, a medieval commerce defended staunchly by the white South, which needed slaves to run their larger agricultural efforts. And the white North was into backing this at first, as they needed the tobacco and food supplies slavery cheaply provided by the maintenance of large southern plantations. Also, the same was true in the northern United States, but this changed gradually due to America’s northern industrialization, which supplanted the northern agricultural plantations. Since slave labor was not typically used in the industrialized North, racism became much subtler and less obvious than it remained in the South.

That’s why Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. did the majority of his protesting in the Deep South. The conditions slavery had fostered lasted for over a whole century after its end. You may recall the bringing of black people to America was showcased, as well as American slavery’s family history, in the 1970s TV miniseries “Roots” by black author Alex Hailey.

In this series of hugely popular programs, Hailey tells us about how his ancestors were hauled over to America, many dying along the way in jam-packed slave holds, being kept in cages like wild animals until they were put on display to be sold. They were no longer treated as human, and were auctioned off in a perverse manner, being kept naked in public and displayed like cattle. Many black women were raped by their white male owners, whole families were separated piecemeal, and children were forced into physical labor beyond their tender years. The laws of the times said they were “animals.” They had no human rights whatsoever.

Read the next article in this series, “American Slavery – Death in 1865” and the other articles in this long article series about why racism was and is so prevalent in the American South.

This article is from the "Background: Why Was the South Racist, Anyway?" section from P.L. Ryan's wonderful new forthcoming book, "The Boys of Birmingham," about the FBI investigation in Birmingham, Alabama of Dr. King's assassination. Ryan is the daughter of the lead agent in charge, who actually tracked down James Earl Ray, Dr. King's killer, securing his arrest and conviction. Look out for "The Boys of Birmingham" as it's set to be republished in April of 2011.

Keywords

martin luther king fan fiction, malcolm x fan fiction, rev dr martin luther king jr, brother malcolm x shabazz, sister betty x shabazz, independent living movement, disabled civil rights movement, annie chapman, catherine eddoes, the lodger ripper murders, whitechapel ripper murders, jack the ripper whitechapel, dr jack reinhart, solve the ripper murders, disabled rights movement

Ghost Writer, Inc. - Book Ghostwriter Karen S Cole

My photo

Biography of GWI

Ghost Writer, Inc.

Karen S. Cole

Executive Director

karen@rainbowriting.com


My Articles Page

My Samples Page

Our Samples Page



Thank you for considering hiring our ghost writing services. Please visit our site at 
www.rainbowriting.com for more info about Ghost Writer, Inc. We perform affordable freelance copy writing, ghostwriting, copy editing, proofreading, analysis and full professional formatting for books, music lyrics, memoirs and screenplays, and we do many other writing-related services for reasonable prices. We now offer ghost writing services for music and lyrics of most types, for example. We also offer a links exchange service and many other pro services such as graphics and photography, literary agency, marketing, sales, promotions, publishing and/or optioning assistance. We may even be able to arrange a TV show, film, video or movie to be made from your book, and/or we can arrange professional services that present and pitch your work to major TV and film industry executives.

I have won awards for my journalism, poetry, short stories and articles. I am multiply published and have had my own novels, novellas, short stories and scripts published. I am currently working on “The Rainbow Horizon,” a humorous fiction novel set in a small town in Washington State. I have contributed to national and international magazines and newspapers, as well as a multitude of online publications.

I am always on the lookout for new projects and first time clients.

GHOST WRITER, INC.

We are a professional, affordable freelance and contracted book, music, lyrics, screenplay and manuscript ghost writing service. We have authors, ghostwriters, copy editors, proofreaders, rewriters, coauthors, cowriters, graphics and CAD artists, publishing assistants, web developers, optioning assistants, TV, film, book and music producer contacts, etc.

We have access to writers and artists with decades of experience in a wide variety of areas, and we set out to both serve your best interests and make our own ways in the professional world of writing and the arts. We always ask for upfront payment, as we need to remain strictly professional. We will only consider speculative payments for certain celebrity projects that are very likely to sell.

If you deal with us, you will find warm and human professional conduct, as we help both first-time and current book authors ghost write or otherwise copy edit their books as our main services. We charge commensurate to your budget, without undercutting our own professional work, as much as humanly possible.

We ask you to consider our services by providing free samples of our work done on your preliminary writing. We provide phone contact and note taking when appropriate, and expert, experienced low to high end ghost writing in general. We also prefer to do our work over the Internet and Skype as much as humanly possible, although we will help to prepare entire books over the phone.

We have streamlined our website to accommodate the need for search engine optimization, and we have clients coming in on an irregular basis. You may enter this client stream by emailing karen@rainbowriting.com
 . Your letter will be answered - and I will do my utmost to find someone on our team to assist you. When I am available, I will take on your job myself, giving you nothing but expert quality services.

If you have a great book idea, lyrics to write, a screenplay needing editing, illustrations you need done, or a manuscript marketing campaign that needs developed or created, please contact us right away. And thank you very much once again for considering hiring our splendid ghost writing services!

THE END

Executive Director and President of Ghost Writer, Inc., Karen Cole writes. GWI at Ghostwriting Book Services is a renowned inexpensive and affordable professional freelance writers, book authors, ghost writers, copy editors, proofreaders, coauthors, manuscript rewriters, graphics and CAD, digital and other photographers, marketers, promoters, publishing/production assistance, and screenplay writers, editors, developers and analysts service.

Blog Archive